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应用实例:PHP生成图表pChart(附源码)

  烈火网教程 pChart是一个开源的图表生成库,主要涉及3个Class:pChart.class, pData.class, pCache.class,可生成20多种简单或复杂的图表,支持PNG,JPG,GIF通用图片格式。数据源可以来自于Database,CSV,当然也可以手写。使用该程序PHP需要开启GD服务,先来看看pChart的工作流程:

  pChart

  主要分为三步:

  1. * 读取用于生成图表数据(数据库、文件)
  2. * 设计图表样式(圆角、底色等)
  3. * 制作标签、题目、图例并生成图表

  下面看一个简单的柱状图表:

  2009-8-6-13.13.35

  代码如下:

  <?php
// Standard inclusions  
include("pChart/pData.class");
include("pChart/pChart.class");

// Dataset definition
$DataSet = new pData;
//图表数据
$DataSet->AddPoint(array(1,4,-3,2,-3,3,2,1,0,7,4),"Serie1");
$DataSet->AddPoint(array(3,3,-4,1,-2,2,1,0,-1,6,3),"Serie2");
$DataSet->AddPoint(array(4,1,2,-1,-4,-2,3,2,1,2,2),"Serie3");
$DataSet->AddAllSeries();
$DataSet->SetAbsciseLabelSerie();
//数据图例
$DataSet->SetSerieName("Microsoft","Serie1");
$DataSet->SetSerieName("IBM","Serie2");
$DataSet->SetSerieName("Google","Serie3");

// Initialise the graph
$Test = new pChart(700,230);
//设置图表尺寸、样式
$Test->setFontProperties("Fonts/tahoma.ttf",8);
$Test->setGraphArea(50,30,680,200);
$Test->drawFilledRoundedRectangle(7,7,693,223,5,240,240,240);
$Test->drawRoundedRectangle(5,5,695,225,5,230,230,230);
$Test->drawGraphArea(255,255,255,TRUE);
$Test->drawScale($DataSet->GetData(),$DataSet->GetDataDescription(),SCALE_NORMAL,150,150,150,TRUE,0,2,TRUE);
$Test->drawGrid(4,TRUE,230,230,230,50);

// Draw the 0 line
$Test->setFontProperties("Fonts/MankSans.ttf",6);
$Test->drawTreshold(0,143,55,72,TRUE,TRUE);

// Draw the bar graph
//柱状图要使用drawBarGraph()
$Test->drawBarGraph($DataSet->GetData(),$DataSet->GetDataDescription(),TRUE,80);


// Finish the graph
//制作图例、标题、字体等属性
$Test->setFontProperties("Fonts/MankSans.ttf",10);
$Test->drawLegend(596,150,$DataSet->GetDataDescription(),255,255,255);
$Test->setFontProperties("Fonts/MankSans.ttf",10);
$Test->drawTitle(50,22,"Example",50,50,50,585);

//生成图表
$imageFile = "example12.png";
$Test->Render($imageFile);
echo '<img src="'.$imageFile.'">';
?>

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