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英语音标表,48个英语音标表查询,音标大全

英语音标发音规则
一,元音字母在重读音节中的读音
元音字母
读 音
例 词
a
在开音节中
[ei] name plane Jane baby cake
在闭音节中
[æ] bag dad hat map black back
e
在开音节中
[i:] he these me Chinese
在闭音节中
[e] bed let pen desk yes egg
i
在开音节中
[ai] bike fly drive time nice kite
在闭音节中
[i] fish big drink sit milk swim
o
在开音节中
[əu] those close go hoe home no
在闭音节中
[ɔ] clock not box shop sock
u
在开音节中
[ju:] student excuse duty Tuesday
在闭音节中
[ʌ]bus cup jump much lunch
在开音节中,元音字母u在辅音字母j l r s后面时读[u:]音,例如:June blue ruler super
二,元音字母在非重读音节中的读音
元音字母
读 音
例 词
a
[ə] China another woman breakfast
[i] orange comrade village cabbage
e
[ə] hundred student open weekend
[ə:] nerve serve term
[i] chicken pocket begin children
i
[i] holiday beautiful family animal
[ai] exercise satellite
o
[ə] second tonight somebody welcome
[əu] also zero photo
u
[ə] autumn difficult
[ju:] popular congratulation January
动词中的a如果处在开音节位置,a读[ei]音,例如:operate
u处在开音节位置,又在辅音字母j l r s后面时,读[u(:)]音,例如:July influence February issue
三,元音字母在重读音节中的特殊读音
元音字母
读 音
例 词
a在[w]音后面
[ɔ] want what watch wash quality
a在f n sk ph sp ss st th前
[a:] after plant graph ask grasp glass fast father
i在-nd -ld和gh前
[ai] find child light high
o在-st -ld前
[əu] most postcard old cold
o在m n v th前
[ʌ] come monkey love mother
四,-r音节元音字组在重读音节中的读音
元音字组
读 音
例 词
ar
ar在[w]音后面
[a:] car farm dark sharpener
[ɔ:] warm quarter towards
or
or在[w]音后面
[ɔ:] forty morning short
[ə:] word worker worse
er ir ur
[ə:] certainly bird Thursday
辅音字母r双写时,前面的元音字母不能与r构成-r音节,而是按重读闭音节的拼读规则发音.例如: carry sorry hurry
-r音节在非重读音节中通常读[E]音,例如:dollar teacher martyr forget Saturday
五,-re音节元音字组在重读音节中的读音
元音字组
读 音
例 词
are
[ɛə] care dare hare
ere
[iə] here mere
ire
[aiə] fire hire wire
ore
[ɔ:] more score before
ure
[juə] pure cure
are ere ire ore很少出现在非重读音节中,ure在非重读音节中读[ə]音,例如:picture pleasure
重读元音字母加Rr,再加非重读元字组时,重读元音字母应按-re音节拼读规则拼读,字母Rr读[r]音.
例如:parent zero story during inspiring
某些常用词及多音节词经常出现长音短化现象.
例如:orange very American paragraph
六,元音字组在重读音节中的读音
元音字组
读 音
例 词
ai/ay
[ei] afraid rain wait day play
air
[aiə] air hair chair pair repair
al在f m前
[ɔ] small ball talk wall all
[ɔ:l] always also salt almost bald
[a:] half calm
au/aw
[ɔ:] autumn daughter draw
ea
[i:] teach easy cheap please
[e] heavy bread sweater weather
[ei] break great
ear
[iə] hear dear near clear year
[εə] bear pear wear
[ə:] earth learn early
ee
[i:] jeep week green three
eer
[iə] pioneer deer beer
ei/ey
[ei] eight neighbour they
[i:] either key
eu/ew在j l r s后
[ju:] new few newspaper
[u:] flew brew
ie/ei在[s]音之后
[i:] piece field receive
oa
[əu] coat Joan boat goal
oar/oor
[ɔ:] roar board door floor
oi/oy
[ɔi] noise point boy toilet
oo
[u:] broom food tooth school
[u] book look cook foot good
ou/ow
[au] flower house count down
[əu] know row throw though
[ʌ] young country enough
[u:] group you soup
our
[ɔ:] course your four
[auə] our hour ours
[ə:] journey
ui
在j l r s后
[ju:i] fluid suicide tuition
[u:] juice fruit suit
七,非重读音节中元音字组和字群的读音
元音字组或字群
读 音
例 词
ai/ay ei/ey
[i] Sunday foreign monkey
ow
[əu] yellow sparrow tomorrow
元音字组在非重读音节中读[E]音或[i].
例如:neighbour serious famous biscuit coffee
-sion -tion
[∫n] impression nation
-sion在元音字母后
[ӡn] vision decision occasion
-tion在s后
[t∫ən] question suggestion
-sten
[sn] listen
-stle
[sl] whistle
-sure
[ӡə] pleasure measure
-ture
[t∫ə] picture culture
八,元字组在复合词非重读音节中的读音
复合词中的第二部分不标注重音符号,但其中的元音字母或元音字组仍按重读音节拼读规则拼读.
例如:
everyday[ei]
handbag[æ]
blackboard[ɔ:]
有些词随着语言的发展,前后两部分已失去其单独存在的意义,融合成为一个词.其中的非重读部分要按非重读音节的读音规则发音.
例如:
sun太阳 + day[ei]日子 > Sunday[i] 星期天
holy神圣 + day[ei]日子 > holiday[i] 假日
break中断 + fast[a:]斋戒 > breakfast[ə] 早餐
cup茶杯 + board木板[ɔ:] > cupboard[ə] 碗柜
九,辅字组的读音
辅字组
读 音
例 词
b
[b] bike bus bag
[/] bomb tomb
c
c在e前或在i/y前
[k] cake picture coat music
[s] face decide cinema
ch
[t∫] much chick rich teacher
[k] school headache chemistry
[∫] machine
-ck
[k] cock pocket black knock
d
[d] doctor bread hand day
-dge
[dӡ] bridge fridge
dr-
[dr] children driver drink
f
[f] five four breakfast
g
g在e i/y前
[g] bag gardon go
[dӡ] orange large German
gh
[f] cough enough
[/] light daughter high
gu- -gue
gu在非重读音节中
[g] guess league dialogue
[gw] language anguish
h
[h] hot head house hand
[/] hour honest
j
[dӡ] jeep jar joke join July
k
[k] kind bike skate make week
kn-
[n] knife know knock
l
[l] life milk school tall
m
[m] monkey come autumn
-mn
[m] autumn column
n
n在[k] [g]音前
[n] not shine ten note
[ŋ] uncle thank hungry
-ng
[ŋ] morning young wrong
p
[p] paper plane pig ship pen
ph
[f] elephant photo telephone
q
[k] Iraq
qu-
[kw] quality quite
r
[r] red rubber ruler
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