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使用.htaccess重定向、创建404等10个实例代码

使用apachenginx等web服务器的朋友对.htaccess并不陌生,在非IIS环境下,.htaccess是一个非常重要的WEB设置工具,前不久烈火学院专门推出了.htaccess在线生成代码工具,希望对各位站长朋友有所帮助,但是仍有一些站长不是太懂,现在就给大家分享十个常见的.htaccess代码设置实例,可以省去大家很多时间。

[代码] 移除url中的www

RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^your-site.com$ [NC]
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://your-site.com/$1 [L,R=301]

Source: http://css-tricks.com/snippets/htaccess/www-no-www/

[代码] 防止热链

RewriteEngine On
#Replace ?mysite\.com/ with your blog url
RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} !^http://(.+\.)?mysite\.com/ [NC]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} !^$
#Replace /images/nohotlink.jpg with your "don't hotlink" image url
RewriteRule .*\.(jpe?g|gif|bmp|png)$ /images/nohotlink.jpg [L]

[代码] 重定向所有的WordPress feeds 到 feedburner

<IfModule mod_alias.c>
 RedirectMatch 301 /feed/(atom|rdf|rss|rss2)/?$ http://feedburner.com/yourfeed/
 RedirectMatch 301 /comments/feed/(atom|rdf|rss|rss2)/?$ http://feedburner.com/yourfeed/
</IfModule>
Source: http://www.wprecipes.com/how-to-redirect-wordpress-rss-feeds-to-feedburner-with-htaccess

[代码] 创建常规错误页面

ErrorDocument 400 /errors/badrequest.html
ErrorDocument 401 /errors/authreqd.html
ErrorDocument 403 /errors/forbid.html
ErrorDocument 404 /errors/notfound.html
ErrorDocument 500 /errors/serverr.html

Source: http://css-tricks.com/snippets/htaccess/custom-error-pages/

[代码] 强迫指定文件下载

<Files *.xls>
  ForceType application/octet-stream
  Header set Content-Disposition attachment
</Files>
<Files *.eps>
  ForceType application/octet-stream
  Header set Content-Disposition attachment
</Files>

Source: http://www.givegoodweb.com/post/30/forcing-a-download-with-apache-and-htaccess

[代码] PHP 错误日志

# display no errs to user
php_flag display_startup_errors off
php_flag display_errors off
php_flag html_errors off
# log to file
php_flag log_errors on
php_value error_log /location/to/php_error.log

Source: http://css-tricks.com/snippets/htaccess/php-error-logging/

[代码] 从URL中移除文件拓展名,如.html

RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME}\.html -f
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ $1.html
# Replace html with your file extension, eg: php, htm, asp

Source: http://eisabainyo.net/weblog/2007/08/19/removing-file-extension-via-htaccess

[代码] 防止自动目录列表

Options -Indexes

[代码] 压缩静态数据

AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/html text/plain text/xml application/xml application/xhtml+xml text/javascript text/css application/x-javascript

[代码] 强制指定特定的编码

<FilesMatch "\.(htm|html|css|js)___FCKpd___9quot;>
AddDefaultCharset UTF-8
</FilesMatch>

Source: http://www.askapache.com/htaccess/setting-charset-in-htaccess.html
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